Facts about Golden Monkeys

Golden Monkeys

Facts about Golden Monkeys

Golden monkeys, scientifically known as Cercopithecus mitis kandti, are fascinating primates with distinct physical characteristics and behaviors. This article explores various aspects of golden monkeys, including their physical traits, behavior, diet, predators, and conservation efforts.

Physical Characteristics of Golden Monkeys

Golden monkeys exhibit unique physical features. Males have a reddish color on their back and the dorsal part of their sides, along with grizzled darker patches. On the other hand, females are lighter in color and have fewer grizzled brown patches. The size of golden monkeys varies, with males measuring approximately 48 to 67 cm, while females range from 45 to 53 cm. In terms of weight, these monkeys typically weigh between 4.5 to 7 kgs. Their average lifespan is around 19 years.

Behavioral Insights of Golden Monkeys

Golden monkeys are social creatures that live in groups ranging from 30 to 80 individuals. These groups are usually led by an adult male, and the female is responsible for defending the territory. Interestingly, males stay within the group for a specific period, during which they have the opportunity to copulate with multiple females. The communication within these groups involves various calls, with males using them for territorial and fighting purposes, females for group cohesion and alertness, and sub-adults for displaying submissiveness and stimulating mobbing behavior. Visual expressions also play a role in their communication.

Dietary Habits of Golden Monkeys

The diet of golden monkeys is diverse, consisting of about 20 to 30 plant species. Their primary sources of nutrition include leaves, fruits, and invertebrates. However, bamboo stands out as their preferred food choice. This dietary preference has significant implications for their habitat and survival.

Predators and Conservation Efforts

Unfortunately, golden monkeys face threats from their main predator: humans. Encroachment into their habitat, setting snares, and illegal bamboo cutting pose significant risks to their existence. Conservation efforts are underway to protect both golden monkeys and their forest habitats. The focus is on mitigating human impact and creating sustainable measures for the coexistence of these primates and local communities.

Golden Monkey Tracking Experience

For those interested in observing golden monkeys, tracking experiences are available in Mgahinga National Park and Volcanoes National Park. Permits, issued by the Uganda Wildlife Authority and Rwanda Development Board, respectively, are required for these experiences. Leisure league Safaris offers assistance with permits, transportation, and accommodation for a seamless golden monkey tracking adventure.

Full-Day Golden Monkey Experience

Mgahinga National Park offers a unique full-day golden monkey experience where participants join researchers for an entire day of observing and learning about these fascinating primates. The chance of encountering golden monkeys is high, and specific terms and conditions from the Uganda Wildlife Authority apply.

Combining Golden Monkey Tracking with Gorilla Tracking

Given the proximity of Mgahinga National Park to Bwindi National Park, it is feasible to combine golden monkey tracking with gorilla tracking. This creates an enriching and diverse wildlife experience for enthusiasts exploring the region.

Planning Your Golden Monkey Safari

For those seeking a memorable golden monkey tracking experience, Leisure league Safaris offers tailored safari packages. Interested individuals can contact them with details such as travel preferences, duration, and group size. The tour designers at Leisure league Safaris are dedicated to customizing safaris to suit specific interests, timelines, and budgets.


In conclusion, golden monkeys are a captivating species facing various challenges in their natural habitats. Understanding their physical traits, behaviors, dietary habits, and the threats they encounter sheds light on the importance of conservation efforts. Golden monkey tracking experiences provide an opportunity for individuals to connect with these primates, contributing to both their conservation and the overall biodiversity of the region.